The Effect of Livelihood Diversity on Recovery and Shock Impact in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda
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The Effect of Livelihood Diversity on Recovery and Shock Impact in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda is the third report in Feed the Future's Technical Report Series No. 2: Strengthening the Evidence Base for Resilience in the Horn of Africa. This publication is prepared by experts for the Technical Consortium for Building Resilience in the Horn of Africa.
This paper explores the influence of livelihood diversification on resilience of households from the arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) in the Horn of Africa. The study uses data from the USAID-funded Pastoralist Areas Resilience Improvement through Market Expansion (PRIME) and the DfID-funded Build the Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters (BRACED) programs to examine whether households that are diversified into different livelihood risk profiles are more resilient than those that are not. The study focuses on the following key research questions:
- Are households which have diversified their livelihood activities better able to recover from shocks than those households which have not? Diversification of livelihoods will be measured in two ways:
- The count of all different types of livelihoods engaged in by all household members,
- The number of different categories of risk profiles into which household livelihoods fall.
- What is the relationship between wealth and household livelihood diversification?
Other Reports in the Series: