The Food Security and Nutrition Network resource library features practical implementation-focused guides, tools, and training materials in a number of relevant program areas. You can browse the library by topic or view the newest, highest rated, most downloaded or FSN Network recommended materials. If you know what you are looking for you can also search by author or title.

We welcome submissions of new resources from the community. Please remember we are looking for high-quality, published materials, that offer guidance for improved food security and nutrition implementation.

TOPS Review of Promising Practices in Food for Peace Development Food Assistance Projects

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The TOPS Program team of technical specialists has undertaken a review of final evaluation reports from Food for Peace‐funded development food assistance projects (formerly referred to as Multi‐Year Assistance Projects or Development Assistance Projects) in order to identify promising practices in effective food security programming. The TOPS team hopes this will serve as a basis for discussion among the food security community and lead to consensus on promising practices to promote, further identification of additional promising practices, and further field‐testing and/or documentation of promising practices to establish a robust evidence base.

Organizational Authors: 
TOPS
Year Published: 
2014
Your rating: None Average: 4.3 (3 votes)
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Inspiring Change: Institutionalizing Gender in Nutrition and Agriculture Interventions. Helen Keller International and WorldFish Bangladesh celebrate together International Women’s Day

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Helen Keller International hosted an event in joint collaboration with WorldFish in recognition of International Women's Day (March 8).  This event focused on gender transformative methodologies, strategies, and activities implemented in programs aimed at improving agricultural production and nutritional outcomes in Bangladesh.  The attachments to this entry include:

- A three-page overview of the event

- A presentation describing the current situation in Bangladesh.

- The presentation on small fish production for gender and nutritional outcomes

- Examples of HKI's gender interventions in Bangladesh including Nuturing Connections, a gender and nutrition integrated package

- A WorldFish presentation on gender transformative approaches in nutrition and aquatic agricultural interventions

 

Authors: 
Ramona Ridolfi
Meredith Jackson-de Graffenried
Afrina Choudhury
Paula Kantor
Miranda Morgan
Rumana Akter
Manika Saha
Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted
Organizational Authors: 
Helen Keller International
WorldFish
Year Published: 
2014
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Barrier Analysis Questionnaires

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In recent years, organizations implementing FFP projects have recognized the need to develop more effective behavior change strategies. To this end, TOPS has provided training in the Designing for Behavior Change framework, which recommends the use of Barrier Analysis (BA), a survey that identifies the most significant barriers to behavior change. To implement a BA, researchers must first develop a data collection tool - the questionnaire.

TOPS created a set of 30 Barrier Analysis Questionnaires and guidance on how to adapt these questionnaires as references for BA implementers. The questionnaires address behaviors in the areas of maternal and child nutrition, health, water and sanitation and agriculture.

To download all questionnaires in a Zip file, click the second file above (All Barrier Analysis Questionnaires).

Additional Reference Documents:

A Practical Guide to Conducting a Barrier Analysis

Designing for Behavior Change: For Agriculture, Natural Resource Management, Health and Nutrition

Authors: 
Bonnie Kittle
Year Published: 
2014
Your rating: None Average: 4 (1 vote)
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WASH and Nutrition: Top 10 Facts

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This list contains the top 10 facts relating to WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) and nutrition from recently released peer-reviewed literature.

Authors: 
Jordan Teague
Organizational Authors: 
WASH Advocates
Year Published: 
2013
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Managing the Supply Chain of Specialized Nutritious Foods

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Specialized nutritious foods (SNF) are increasingly recognized as a viable and efficient component of programmes to treat and prevent undernutrition.

This publication has been produced to provide comprehensive guidance on supply chain management of SNF. Its purpose is twofold:

1. to improve planning, procurement, and delivery of nutritious foods to beneficiaries; and

2. to maintain the nutritional quality of SNF by promoting optimal control during transport, storage, stock management and distribution.

This guideline merges existing information on nutrition intervention planning, procurement, quality management and logistics. It will serve as an operational tool in the field, supporting staff from WFP and the wider humanitarian and development community. Each chapter presents guidance, references for further information, and ‘golden rules’ for practice at each stage of the supply chain.

 

Organizational Authors: 
World Food Programme
Year Published: 
2013
Your rating: None Average: 5 (3 votes)
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Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture for Agriculture Development Agents

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Agriculture and nutrition are interrelated. Agricultural production is an important means for most people to get the food and essential nutrients they need. On the other hand, as agriculture is highly labor intensive, particularly in poor countries like Ethiopia, productive agriculture requires the labor of healthy, well-nourished people.

In order to impact on the nutritional outcomes, there is a need to focus on nutrition-sensitive agriculture. Nutrition-sensitive agriculture involves the design and adoption of cropping and farming systems (crops and animal) which can provide agricultural solutions to the prevailing nutritional problems.

Development agents (DAs) or agriculture extension workers (AEWs) are at the forefront to support farmers for improved agricultural production and better income. This nutrition-sensitive agriculture training aims at building the knowledge and skill of DAs in nutrition-sensitive agriculture so that they can promote agricultural and other related practices that maximize nutritional benefits.

Download the Participant Manual and Trainer Manual above.

NOTE: These tools are in the process of being updated, so check back soon for the newest versions.

Organizational Authors: 
Save the Children
Year Published: 
2012
Your rating: None Average: 3.6 (5 votes)
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Better Together: Linking Family Planning and Community Health for Health Equity and Impact

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This paper provides compelling evidence that integration of family planning into HIV, nutrition, agriculture, and food security programs is a value-added strategy, saving lives, and spurring progress to prevent diseases, protect the environment, and improve the health of young people. Despite these benefits, more than 200 million women worldwide, especially poor women and those in rural and remote areas, still lack access to modern contraception. “Smart” integration of family planning, through social behavior change, is an important strategy to help address that shortfall—as it simultaneously supports other development goals, as described in this report. Integrating family planning with existing health interventions at the community level not only broadens access and equity, but also improves substantive understanding of the importance of family planning to the health of women, children and the family, and to reducing unintended pregnancies and abortions.    

Authors: 
Karin Ringheim
Organizational Authors: 
CORE Group
Year Published: 
2012
Your rating: None Average: 3.7 (3 votes)
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Nutritious Agriculture by Design: A tool for program design

This tool provides a practical way of focusing value chain-based agricultural initiatives to narrow the gap between the goal of raising the income and/or productivity of producers and/or the people they employ and the goal of improving nutrition. The starting point for the tool is specific interventions to strengthen agriculture-nutrition linkages or interventions that could be directed to this end. The tool has been developed to be applicable specifically to Feed the Future interventions, but is applicable more generally to agricultural interventions.

Access the tool online here.

Organizational Authors: 
Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition
Institute of Development Studies
USAID
Year Published: 
2013
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Prioritizing Nutrition in Agriculture and Rural Development

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The purpose of this paper is to provide a set of guiding principles for incorporatingnutrition goals into the design and implementation of agricultural and rural developmentprojects, and to provide examples of current best-evidence options for operationalinvestments.These principles and actions align with two general frameworks. The first is a WorldBank framework that lays out five main pathways from agriculture to nutrition: three atthe household level, including income generation, household consumption of foodproduced on-farm, and women’s empowerment; and two at the macroeconomic level,including economic growth and reduced food prices (World Bank 2007). Nutritioneducation is also identified as an important factor modifying the effect of household-leveldeterminants. The best evidence currently suggests a strong role for the household-levelpathways, which is reflected in the principles highlighted in this document.

Your rating: None Average: 3.3 (3 votes)
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Improving Nutrition with Agricultural Biodiversity

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This manual outlines a systematic and credible process in documenting all stages of research aimed at developing strong and robust evidence of the relationships between agrobiodiversity and dietary diversity on nutrition and health status of communities who consume the foods. This manual is a practical tool that can be used by field workers trained in agroecology and home survey data gathering techniques, as well as experienced health and agriculture professionals. The guidelines, provided in this manual, combine traditional and scientific knowledge and can be applied to local communities.

 

Authors: 
Jessica Fanzo
Maggie Holmes
Pia Junega
Enock Musinguzi
Ifeyironwa Francisca Smith
Beatrice Ekesa
Nadia Bergamini
Organizational Authors: 
Bioversity International
Year Published: 
2011
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Managing the Supply Chain of Specialized Nutritious Foods

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Specialized nutritious foods (SNF) are increasingly recognized as a viable and efficient component of programmes to treat and prevent undernutrition.

This publication has been produced to provide comprehensive guidance on supply chain management of SNF. Its purpose is twofold:

1. to improve planning, procurement, and delivery of nutritious foods to beneficiaries; and

2. to maintain the nutritional quality of SNF by promoting optimal control during transport, storage, stock management and distribution.

This guideline merges existing information on nutrition intervention planning, procurement, quality management and logistics. It will serve as an operational tool in the field, supporting staff from WFP and the wider humanitarian and development community. Each chapter presents guidance, references for further information, and ‘golden rules’ for practice at each stage of the supply chain.

 

Organizational Authors: 
World Food Programme
Year Published: 
2013
Your rating: None Average: 5 (3 votes)
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Second Food Aid and Food Security Assessment (FAFSA-2)

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This report is a comprehensive review of the U.S. Agency for International Development Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) Title II development food aid program from FY 2003 to FY 2009. The report focuses on the areas of agriculture and natural resource management; infrastructure; maternal and child health and nutrition; water, sanitation, and hygiene; HIV; and Title II program management. Overall, the results of the FAFSA-2 analysis indicate that Title II development programs can reduce undernutrition in young children, improve a number of important maternal and child health and nutrition outcomes, and increase household access to income and food. Most importantly, many children are alive and have been spared ill health and lifelong disabilities thanks to Title II. The FAFSA-2 identifies approaches and practices that are more likely to contribute to positive food security impacts, examples of approaches and practices that have not worked well, and recommendations for future programs. A summary report is also available, which provides a synopsis of the findings and recommendations that are expanded on in the full report.

Authors: 
Roberta van Haeften
Mary Ann Anderson
Herbert Caudill
Eamonn Kilmartin
Organizational Authors: 
Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance III Project (FANTA)
FHI 360
Year Published: 
2013
Your rating: None Average: 5 (2 votes)
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Strengthening and Evaluating the Preventing Malnutrition in Children under 2 Approach (PM2A) in Burundi: Baseline Report

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This report presents findings from the baseline study of the PM2A research in Burundi. The overall objective of this research is to assess the impact and cost-effectiveness of PM2A on child nutritional status and to assess the optimal timing and duration of PM2A. The research is being carried out in the context of the Tubaramure program, a U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Title II development food aid program implemented by a consortium of nongovernmental organizations in eastern Burundi. Tubaramure has three core components, which together define PM2A: improved health services for pregnant and lactating women and for children under 2 years of age; a strong social and behavior change communication (SBCC) strategy focused on improving health- and nutrition-related behaviors; and the distribution of food rations to the targeted populations. This report provides baseline values on key outcome variables for each of four comparison groups included in the PM2A research. To assess program effectiveness, these same outcome variables will also be measured at the end of the intervention for each comparison group.

Authors: 
Megan Parker
Jef L Leroy
Deanna Olney
Jody Harris
Marie Ruel
Organizational Authors: 
FANTA III
USAID
Year Published: 
2012
Your rating: None Average: 5 (2 votes)
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Ending the Everyday Emergency: Resilience and Children in the Sahel

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This report commissioned by World Vision and Save the Children calls for a radical rethinking of policies to address hunger in West Africa. The report aims to assess progress, lessons learned, and challenges in promoting resilience in the Sahel, with a particular focus on the well-being of children. The study demonstrates the need for a massive response by governments and partners in order to tackle child malnutrition – chronic and acute, together. It offers evidence-based recommendations for a comprehensive, child-focused approach to resilience in the Sahel.

Authors: 
Peter Gubbels
Organizational Authors: 
Save the Children
World Vision
Year Published: 
2012
Your rating: None Average: 5 (2 votes)
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Local Determinants of Malnutrition Study Narrated Presentation

This presentation describes a methodology that FH has used to better understand the determinants of malnutrition in particular developing countries (Burundi, Mozambique, Kenya, Bolivia and Ethiopia). The study compares poor mothers who have children who are growing well with poor mothers of children who are malnourished, identifying possible messages and project activities that can make a difference in terms of preventing malnutrition. Please click here to view slides.

Organizational Authors: 
Food for the Hungry
Year Published: 
2009
Your rating: None Average: 5 (3 votes)
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Positive Deviance/Hearth: A Resource Guide for Sustainably Rehabilitating Malnourished Children

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A Positive Deviance/Hearth Nutrition Program is a home-and neighborhood-based nutrition program for children who are at risk for protein-energy malnutrition in developing countries. The program uses the “positive deviance” approach to identify those behaviors practiced by the mothers or caretakers of well-nourished children from poor families and to transfer such positive practices to others in the community with malnourished children. The “Hearth” or home is the location for the nutrition education and rehabilitation sessions.

The Positive Deviance/Hearth is an FSN Network SBC Task Force approved tool.

Organizational Authors: 
CORE Group
USAID
Year Published: 
2003
Your rating: None Average: 5 (2 votes)
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Nutrition Program Design Assistant: A Tool for Program Planners Reference Guide and Workbook

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The Nutrition Program Design Assistant: A Tool for Program Planners (NPDA) is composed of two complementary documents: a Workbook and a Reference Guide. Together, they help program design teams select the most appropriate community‐based nutrition approaches for their target area. The Workbook, which provides step‐by‐step instructions, is where the team records key information, data, decisions and decision‐making rationale. Upon completion, the Workbook provides a record of the design process. The Reference Guide provides an introduction, information on key concepts and terminology, and reference material to guide decision‐making.

Organizational Authors: 
USAID
CORE Group
Save the Children
AED
FANTA-2
Year Published: 
2010
Your rating: None Average: 5 (2 votes)
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Local Determinants of Malnutrition: An Expanded Positive Deviance Study

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This document describes a methodology that FH has used to better understand the determinants of malnutrition in particular developing countries (Burundi, Mozambique, Kenya, Bolivia and Ethiopia). The study compares poor mothers who have children who are growing well with poor mothers of children who are malnourished, identifying possible messages and project activities that can make a difference in terms of preventing malnutrition.

Authors: 
Thomas Davis
Julie Hettinger
Phil Moses
Lauren Erickson-Mamane
Adugna Kebede
Organizational Authors: 
Food for the Hungry
USAID
Your rating: None Average: 5 (3 votes)
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Guidelines for Measuring Household and Individual Dietary Diversity

As part of a recommended package of food and nutrition security indicators, FAO has developed "Guidelines for Measuring Household and Individual Dietary Diversity". This easy to use tool can be easily integrated into impact assessments and used for rapid evaluations.

Organizational Authors: 
FAO
Year Published: 
2012
Your rating: None Average: 4.7 (3 votes)
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Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) Toolkit

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Download the entire toolkit here.

Take the interactive online tutorial.

The Department of Health and Nutrition's Emergency Health and Nutrition (EHN) team at Save the Children recently launched the CMAM Toolkit, a collection of resources for rapid start up of emergency nutrition programming.  Although most of the guidelines and protocols are not new, this is the first time they have been brought together in one easy to use kit. 

In addition, four NEW tools have been created to guide the process of:

1) Determining the Need for Intervention;

2) Program Planning;

3) Estimating Caseloads and;

4) Estimating Supplies Needed. 

Accompanying The CMAM Toolkit is an interactive online tutorial that, in less than 30 minutes, will provide a comprehensive introduction to The Toolkit, walk you through programming tools, show you how to estimate caseloads and supplies, and help you locate and adapt tools needed for rapid implementation.

You don't need to be a nutritionist to learn more about available resources for emergency nutrition programming.

Take the course today by following this link

Organizational Authors: 
Save the Children
Year Published: 
2012
Your rating: None Average: 4.4 (5 votes)
Categories:

Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) Toolkit

Download

Download the entire toolkit here.

Take the interactive online tutorial.

The Department of Health and Nutrition's Emergency Health and Nutrition (EHN) team at Save the Children recently launched the CMAM Toolkit, a collection of resources for rapid start up of emergency nutrition programming.  Although most of the guidelines and protocols are not new, this is the first time they have been brought together in one easy to use kit. 

In addition, four NEW tools have been created to guide the process of:

1) Determining the Need for Intervention;

2) Program Planning;

3) Estimating Caseloads and;

4) Estimating Supplies Needed. 

Accompanying The CMAM Toolkit is an interactive online tutorial that, in less than 30 minutes, will provide a comprehensive introduction to The Toolkit, walk you through programming tools, show you how to estimate caseloads and supplies, and help you locate and adapt tools needed for rapid implementation.

You don't need to be a nutritionist to learn more about available resources for emergency nutrition programming.

Take the course today by following this link

Organizational Authors: 
Save the Children
Year Published: 
2012
Your rating: None Average: 4.4 (5 votes)
Categories:

Training Guide for Community-Based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM)

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A significant gap remains between need and capacity for management of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in children. This is despite clear advances in the development and implementation of international and national protocols for the management of SAM, as well as guidelines and training for inpatient care of severely acutely malnourished children. The Training Guide for Community-Based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) aims to address this gap by increasing knowledge of and building practical skills to implement CMAM in both emergency and non-emergency contexts. Guide also available in French language at http://www.fantaproject.org/cmam/training.shtml.

Organizational Authors: 
USAID
AED
FANTA-2
Year Published: 
2008
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The Essential Nutrition Actions (ENA) Framework

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The Essential Nutrition Actions (ENA) framework is an operational framework for managing the advocacy, planning and delivery of an integrated package of preventive nutrition actions encompassing infant and young child feeding (IYCF), micronutrients and women's nutrition. Using multiple contact points, it targets health services and behavior change communication support (BCC) to women and young children during the first 1,000 days of life - from conception through the first two years of life - when nutrient requirements are increased, the risks of undernutrition are great, and the consequences of deficiencies most likely to be irreversible. All these actions have been proven to improve nutritional status and reduce mortality.

Understanding the Essential Nutrition Actions (ENA) Framework describes a selection of the tools and guidance that have been developed to support implementation of the ENA framework, including key message booklets, training programs, and assessment tools.

I. The Booklet of Key ENA Messages illustrates the key ENA messages and can be used by those implementing and supporting health, nutrition, and food security programs for improving nutrition practices among pregnant and lactating mothers and children under two.

IIA. ENA Health Worker Training Guide equips health service providers with the technical, action-oriented nutrition knowledge and counseling skills needed to support pregnant women, mothers with children under two years of age, and other key family members to adopt optimal nutrition practices.

IIB. ENA Health Worker Handouts

III. ENA Community Volunteers Training Guide equips semi-literate or illiterate Community Volunteers with the basic action-oriented nutrition knowledge and counseling skills needed to support pregnant women, mothers with children under two years and other key family members to adopt optimal nutrition practices

 

Organizational Authors: 
USAID
RCQHC
JSI
Helen Keller International
AED
CORE Group
WAHO
ECSA-HC
Year Published: 
2011
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Guidelines for Measuring Household and Individual Dietary Diversity

As part of a recommended package of food and nutrition security indicators, FAO has developed "Guidelines for Measuring Household and Individual Dietary Diversity". This easy to use tool can be easily integrated into impact assessments and used for rapid evaluations.

Organizational Authors: 
FAO
Year Published: 
2012
Your rating: None Average: 4.7 (3 votes)
Categories:

Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture for Agriculture Development Agents

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Agriculture and nutrition are interrelated. Agricultural production is an important means for most people to get the food and essential nutrients they need. On the other hand, as agriculture is highly labor intensive, particularly in poor countries like Ethiopia, productive agriculture requires the labor of healthy, well-nourished people.

In order to impact on the nutritional outcomes, there is a need to focus on nutrition-sensitive agriculture. Nutrition-sensitive agriculture involves the design and adoption of cropping and farming systems (crops and animal) which can provide agricultural solutions to the prevailing nutritional problems.

Development agents (DAs) or agriculture extension workers (AEWs) are at the forefront to support farmers for improved agricultural production and better income. This nutrition-sensitive agriculture training aims at building the knowledge and skill of DAs in nutrition-sensitive agriculture so that they can promote agricultural and other related practices that maximize nutritional benefits.

Download the Participant Manual and Trainer Manual above.

NOTE: These tools are in the process of being updated, so check back soon for the newest versions.

Organizational Authors: 
Save the Children
Year Published: 
2012
Your rating: None Average: 3.6 (5 votes)
Categories:

Nutrition Program Design Assistant: A Tool for Program Planners Reference Guide and Workbook

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The Nutrition Program Design Assistant: A Tool for Program Planners (NPDA) is composed of two complementary documents: a Workbook and a Reference Guide. Together, they help program design teams select the most appropriate community‐based nutrition approaches for their target area. The Workbook, which provides step‐by‐step instructions, is where the team records key information, data, decisions and decision‐making rationale. Upon completion, the Workbook provides a record of the design process. The Reference Guide provides an introduction, information on key concepts and terminology, and reference material to guide decision‐making.

Organizational Authors: 
USAID
CORE Group
Save the Children
AED
FANTA-2
Year Published: 
2010
Your rating: None Average: 5 (2 votes)
Categories:

Local Determinants of Malnutrition: An Expanded Positive Deviance Study

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This document describes a methodology that FH has used to better understand the determinants of malnutrition in particular developing countries (Burundi, Mozambique, Kenya, Bolivia and Ethiopia). The study compares poor mothers who have children who are growing well with poor mothers of children who are malnourished, identifying possible messages and project activities that can make a difference in terms of preventing malnutrition.

Authors: 
Thomas Davis
Julie Hettinger
Phil Moses
Lauren Erickson-Mamane
Adugna Kebede
Organizational Authors: 
Food for the Hungry
USAID
Your rating: None Average: 5 (3 votes)
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Household Hunger Scale: Indicator Definition and Measurement Guide

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This document focuses on operational issues concerning the use of the Household Hunger Scale (HHS0. The document is targeted specifically to HHS users and potential users.

Authors: 
Terri Ballard
Jennifer Coates
Anne Swindale
Megan Deitchler
Organizational Authors: 
FAO
European Union
FANTA-2
FHI 360
Tufts University
Year Published: 
2011
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Technical Note: Defining Nutrition Assessment, Counseling, and Support (NACS)

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This 4-page technical note on NACS was released by FANTA III. The NACS approach aims to improve the nutritional status of individuals and populations by integrating nutrition into policies, programs, and the health service delivery infrastructure.

Organizational Authors: 
FANTA III
Year Published: 
2012
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Mother-to-Mother Support Groups: Trainer's Maual and Facilitator’s Manual with Discussion Guide

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This guide and manuals were developed at the request of mother-to-mother support group facilitators in Western Kenya. It is meant to provide more detailed background information on possible support group topics for facilitators to use to prepare for meetings, or to do research if mothers have questions that facilitators do not know the answers to.

Organizational Authors: 
USAID
PATH
IYCN Project
Year Published: 
2011
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A Deal for New School Gardens

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Governments and international development partners are increasingly interested in school gardens. These have traditionally been used for science education, agricultural training or generating school income. Today, given the urgent need for increased food security, environmental protection, more secure livelihoods and better nutrition, perceptions of the potential of school gardens are changing with the belief that school gardens can become a foundation for a nation’s health and security.

Organizational Authors: 
FAO
Year Published: 
2010
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A Life Free from Hunger: Tackling Child Malnutrition

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This report, created by Save the Children, analyses the causes of malnutrition, focusing on chronic malnutrition and stunting in children. It identifies direct and indirect interventions that have proven to be effective, like exclusive breastfeeding, micronutrient supplementation, to introducing social protection programs, and adapting agricultural production to meet the nutritional needs of children. The report also examines political factors that contribute to the global burden of hunger and malnutrition.

Organizational Authors: 
Save the Children
Year Published: 
2012
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A Single-Centre, Randomized, Single-Blind, Parallel Group Clinical Trial in Rural Malawi, Testing the Growth Promoting Effect of Long-Term Complementary Feeding of Infants with a High-Energy, Micronutrient Fortified Spread

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The low nutrient and energy content of complementary foods in low-income countries has been associated with growth faltering, increased morbidity, and delayed motor milestone acquisition. Complementation of the diet in infancy and early childhood with lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) that have high nutrient and energy density has been suggested as a way to improve growth and reduce morbidity. FANTA conducted a trial in rural Malawi to compare the incidence and prevalence of very severe linear growth failure and symptoms of common childhood illnesses among infants receiving dietary supplementation with milk-LNS, soy-LNS, a corn-soy blend (CSB), or nothing.

Healthy infants were randomized into one of four intervention schemes and tracked for 12 months from the age of 6 to 18 months. The results of the trial provide support to a hypothesis that, in rural Malawi, 12 months of complementary feeding of infants with milk-LNS, but not soy-LNS or CSB, reduces the incidence of very severe stunting between 6 and 18 months of age. The trial did not, however, provide support to a hypothesis that any of the tested supplements would reduce the longitudinal prevalence of common illness symptoms among infants 6–18 months old.

Authors: 
Charles Mangani
Per Ashorn
Mark Manary
Lotta Alho
Organizational Authors: 
FANTA II
USAID
Year Published: 
2012
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Achieving Food and Nutrition Security: Lessons Learned from the Integrated Food Security Programme (IFSP), Mulanje, Malawi

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This report presents findings of a review of an Integrated Food Security Programme (IFSP) implemented by GTZ in Malawi, from 1997 through 2004.1 The review contributes to the ongoing international search for best practices in programming for food security. It is not anevaluation in the conventional sense, but abroader assessment of lessons learned.

Authors: 
Patrick Webb
Organizational Authors: 
Feinstein International Center
Tufts University
Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit
Year Published: 
2011
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Admissible Evidence in the Court of Development Evaluation? The Impact of CARE’s SHOUHARDO Project on Child Stunting in Bangladesh

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The report documents the large impact on stunting achieved among children 6-24 months old (a 4.5 percentage point reduction per year), as well as the pathways through which this impact was achieved. The project relied on both direct nutrition interventions and those that addressed underlying issuessuch as including poor sanitation, poverty, and power imbalances between women and men. 

Authors: 
Lisa C. Smith
Timothy R. Frankenberger
Faheem Kahn
Abdul Wadud
Organizational Authors: 
TANGO
CARE USAID
Institute of Development Studies
Year Published: 
2011
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Africare’s Experience with VitaCow and VitaGoat Food Processing Systems

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This paper reports on the experience of using Malnutrition Matters’ VitaCow (VC) and VitaGoat (VG) processing technologies in Africare country programs. VitaCow and VitaGoat are two related types of food processing machines that were designed to convert soybeans into soy milk and its derivatives as well as a variety of other foods (fruits and grains) into processed and/or preserved food products. The paper outlines the strengths and weaknesses that have been observed in applying these technologies to reduce malnutrition and promote income generation. The intent is that lessons learned and recommendations presented here will inform future installations of VitaCow and VitaGoat technologies in Africare programs and those of other Cooperating Sponsors.

Authors: 
Brian Harrigan
Leah A.J. Cohen
Organizational Authors: 
Africare
USAID
Year Published: 
2008
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Agriculture, Nutrition and Health Essentials for Non-Specialist Development Professionals

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This follow-up paper to the 2020 conference Leveraging Agriculture for Improving Nutrition and Health, Delhi 2011 outlines basic concepts and definitions, tools and indicators, and common interventions used by each development sector, in order to provide a baseline level of knowledge and understanding on which to build dialogue and collaboration.

Authors: 
Jody Harris
Organizational Authors: 
IFPRI
Year Published: 
2011
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Alternative Sampling Designs for Emergency Settings: A Guide for Survey Planning, Data Collection and Analysis

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This guide provides information on three alternative sampling designs that are proven to be more time- and resource-efficient than the 30x30 cluster survey: the 33x6, the 67x3, and the sequential design. All three designs are hybrid designs, combining aspects of cluster sampling and analysis with Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS) analysis.

Organizational Authors: 
AED
FANTA 2
USAID
Year Published: 
2009
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An Introduction to the Basic Concepts of Food Security

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This 3-page practical guide gives a brief overview of food security concepts.

Organizational Authors: 
FAO
Year Published: 
2008
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Anthropometric Indicators Measurement Guide

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This revised guide provides information on the anthropometric impact indicators and the annual monitoring indicators for Maternal and Child Health/Child Survival (MCH/CS) and income related activities. The focus is on the collection and reporting of indicators to improve program management and document progress towards the achievement of results.

Authors: 
Bruce Cogill
Organizational Authors: 
AED
FANTA 2
USAID
Year Published: 
2003
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