Comparative Analysis of Shock Response Programs & Their Impacts on Resilience in Zimbabwe
Drought, climate change and other climatic shocks are exerting pressure on Zimbabwe’s economy. Between year 1993-2012, rainfall variability increased by 21% compared to its long-term average (1901-2012). Zimbabwe vulnerability assessment estimated that 30% of the rural population is food insecure by the peak of the lean season. The main objective of this study is to analyze shock-response approaches used by World Vision Zimbabwe and partners (WVZP) to build resilience in Zimbabwe. WVZP has been implementing projects related to enhancing food and nutrition security, diversification of livelihoods, creation of productive assets and increasing community market participation. Results of the present study will contribute to the dialogue on appropriate response strategies for building resilience against frequent and recurring drought and other idiosyncratic or covariant shocks. The analytical methods used are both qualitative and quantitative. The qualitative methods involved focus group discussion with communities and government and development partner officials. The qualitative analysis was aimed at better understanding the knowledge, attitudes, priorities, preferences, and perceptions of target beneficiaries and other stakeholders. Quantitative methods used are the quasi-experimental impact assessment design – largely to capture quantitatively the impacts of the WVZP on selected outcomes.