Nigeria has emerged as Africa’s largest economy, while remaining a cause for concern for humanitarian organizations. Economic growth is inextricably linked to oil markets, which has been sluggish in recent years. The benefits of growth are not equitable either: in 2010, nearly two out of three Nigerians lived on less than $1.25 USD per day. Recurrent humanitarian crises and conflict in the Niger Delta and the North East continue to disrupt lives and livelihoods. In the North-East Boko Haram has been responsible for the deaths of over 17,000 and displacement of 3.3 million people since 2009. Conflict poses a major threat to poverty alleviation and development by destroying infrastructure, markets and contributing to deficiencies in economic and health status indicators. Building household and community resilience to conflict and other major shocks is critical for preserving development gains and ensuring sustainable long-term growth.