This brief is part of a series of technical briefs that provide guidance for developing and implementing multi-sectoral nutrition programming across agriculture and food systems in support of the U.S. Government Global Food Security Strategy (GFSS) and the U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID’s) plan under the strategy. It is designed to be used by agriculture and nutrition staff, both within and outside USAID, to apply technical guidance to practice. The brief suggests how to take evidence-based actions that consider gender when designing and implementing approaches to improve diets for all through the food system. It offers ideas across the food system for promoting gender equality while improving diets. The brief reinforces the importance of considering the programming context to prioritize actions that address barriers and support practices most likely to impact diet and nutrition outcomes.