CARE Niger developed the Mata Masu Dubara approach: (meaning “resourceful women” in Hausa) in 1991, a strategy that originally focused on women's economic empowerment and poverty reduction but has since been used as a platform for more holistic women's empowerment programming. Due to the increase and persistence of emergencies (protracted crises, violence, natural disaster, climate shocks, etc.), CARE has adapted the MMD approach to emergency situations through the monitoring and documentation of adaptive measures in crisis settings.
This analysis of adaptive MMD practices in emergency contexts is based on the logic that has historically guided CARE’s investments in MMD: the principles of capitalization, learning, and continuous adaptation. Thus, this analysis is grounded in a review of rich documentation (mission reports, capitalization reports, survey reports, etc.) and a workshop of MMD experts from non-governmental organizations1 (NGOs) intervening in Niger.