While Malawi is moving up on the Human Development Index, in 2017 it is still classified as a low human development country (171 of 189). Despite decades of robust government and donor investments in livelihoods, food security, nutrition, and resilience, over 50% of the population lives below the poverty line. To address these issues, the Government of Malawi has developed a National Resilience Strategy (NRS) to guide investments in agriculture, reduce impacts and improve recovery from shocks, promote household resilience, strengthen the management of Malawi’s natural resources, and facilitate effective coordination between government institutions, civil society organizations and development partners. CARE and consortium partners have designed the Titukulane Resilience Food Security Activity (RFSA) which means “let us work together for development” in the local Chichewa language—to support implementation and ensure the effectiveness of the NRS. The Titukulane RFSA, implemented by CARE International in Malawi, aims to achieve sustainable, equitable, and resilient food and nutrition security for ultra-poor and chronically vulnerable households. Titukulane is implemented in Zomba and Mangochi districts of Malawi’s Southern Region.
The purpose of the baseline survey is to collect data that can be used to describe the study sample, to collect data necessary for subgroup analysis of impacts, to allow for the description of time trends in the data, and to increase statistical precision for impact estimation. Additionally, the data obtained in the baseline survey can help support CIM’s programming decisions and reporting requirements. The baseline survey took place between August to November 2021 and included interviews with a total of 3,107 households in Mangochi and Zomba districts.