Resource Library: Multiple Use Water Services

Sustainable Coastal Communities and Ecosystems (SUCCESS): A Component of the Global Integrated Management of Coastal and Freshwater Systems (IMCAFS) Program

Organizational Authors: 
USAID,
Coastal Resources Center,
University of Rhode Island,
EcoCostas,
Universidad Centroamerica (Central American University),
Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association,
Conservation International,
The Nature Conservancy,
World Wildlife Fund (WWF),
The Sea Grant Network
Year Published: 
2005

This guide focuses on the use of small-scale, no-take zones—known as community-based marine protected areas—for the purpose of improved management of cockle fisheries. Cockles are an important resource, especially in coastal and island populations, where they provide food and income for thousands of families worldwide. In many parts of the world, expanding populations and the opening of commercial markets has led to increased collection of cockles. The increased rate of collection then leads to overharvesting and declining stocks and catches as well as declining income for harvesters and food availability for coastal communities.

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