Gender-based violence (GBV), along with poverty and HIV and AIDS, remains among the most pervasive problems confronting women across the globe, with adverse consequences for almost all sectoral areas including agriculture and labour.
Under the UN System-wide work programme on “Scaling up HIV/AIDS Services for Populations of Humanitarian Concern”, FAO has supported two studies to explore the relationships between and assess the impact of GBV and HIV on agriculture, food security and rural livelihoods. Two studies were undertaken in Bussia District, Western Kenya, and in Apac and Gulu Districts, Northern Uganda. These sites were selected because of the presence of various categories of populations of humanitarian concern, and high HIV prevalence. The two studies also attempted to identify the appropriate livelihood strategies to mitigate and prevent GBV, and reduce the vulnerability of women and men.
This Guidance Note seeks to contribute to the small body of literature on intersections between GBV, HIV and rural livelihoods in humanitarian settings, and the role of livelihood interventions. It is intended for use by UN agencies, government agencies, extension services, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and civil society organizations operating in humanitarian settings and in the context of GBV and HIV and AIDS at local and national levels.